Hart's Tempẽte Dance

La Tempête The Tempest ~ Howe The Tempest ~ Washburn/Modern The Tempest ~ Washburn Tom Pete ~ Howe Ted's Tempest The Tempest ~ Holden #1 Hart's Tempẽte Dance Tempete Dance ~ Chivers The Tempest ~ Thompson Tom Pate

Hart's Tempẽte Dance is an English Country Dance. It was devised by Joseph Binns Hart in about 1819 and published in Hart's Second Set of Quadrilles, London. It was interpreted by George Williams in 2024. It is a Four Face Four dance. The minor set lasts 32 bars.

As far as I know this is the first mescolanze dance published in the UK. It predates Chivers' dances by a year or two.

The earliest version I've found of this actually comes from Germany, though that book claims the dance was already popular so it probably has even earlier roots (I'd guess France as the original source, given the name). It was published by Johann Heinrich Kattfuss in Leipzig in 1802 Choregraphie Oder Vollständige Und Leicht Falssiche under the title of "Der Tempẽte".

In his Hart's Second Set of Quadrilles, Hart writes:

Form a line of 4, the 2 Ladies on the 2 Gentlemens right, 4 more opposite to the first 4, form lines of 4 behind the 2d. line as many as intend to dance.
The first 2 lines right and left, chassez across to the right and left with your partner, dechassez, in returning you go behind the 2d. Couple The Center 4 hands round, the outside couple's turn and back all 8 Set quite round to the right re set to your places, the top four lead through the 2d. line and begin the same figure with the 3d. line & so on to the bottom of the dance.

The music consists of four 8 bar strains in 2/4 time.

Most later versions of the tempest start with lines of four going forward and back, so it's rather a surprise to begin with rights and lefts.

I tend to assume that "rights and lefts" would involve two couples, so when he says The first 2 lines right and left does he mean everyone does rights and lefts with the couple they are facing, or that all four couples do a grand chain?

The grand chain could start with partner, or it could start with neighbor or opposite. I think the latter is more in keeping with three couple grand chains, but the former is certainly possible.

I'm not sure what to make of chassez across to the right and left with your partner, dechassez, in returning you go behind the 2d. Couple.

First who is "the 2d Couple"? This is from a book of quadrilles, and in a quadrille, the 2nd couple is the one opposite the 1st. But this isn't a quadrille, and he then says move right to go around the 2nd couple. So I presume the 1st couple is the one on the left end of the top line while the 2nd is the one on the right end of the line. I'm guessing this is like a couples mad robin: All couples take partner's hand, the leftmost couple in each line moves right and inside the set, while the rightmost couples move left and outside, when they reach the other end they switch with the new rightmost couple now moving left and outside (behind) while the new leftmost moves right and in. All ending back where they started.

Set quite round to the right re set to your places Going quite round, usually means making a complete circle, but we've only got 4 bars to play with here, and they also have to come back re set, so there's no way they have time to make a full eight person circle and back.

Then I thought it could mean a mad robin around partners, this does make a full circle, and it starts with the men (to whom the instructions are usually addressed) moving to their right, and it takes up the 4 bars we have available.

Hart doesn't say how to turn around at the ends of the line. I have people turning as a couple. This means that those who were centers are now on the outside and vice versa, so everyone gets to play each role. But if people just want to do the same thing, the whole line could wheel around (with the 1s backing up and the 2s going forward).

The animation plays at 120 counts per minute normally, but the first time through the set the dance will often be slowed down so people can learn the moves more readily. Men are drawn as rectangles, women as ellipses. Each couple is drawn in its own color, however the border of each dancer indicates what role they currently play so the border color may change each time through the minor set.

The dances of George Williams (including interpretations like this one) are licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike: CC BY-NC-SA license.
An online description of the dance may be found here.

A1-8End people face opposite, centers face neighbor, grand chain
B1-8Take hands with partner, those on the left move in and right until you reach the end then move out and left, as those on the right do the reverse
C1-4Centers circle left four, and outside pairs right hand turn
5-8Centers circle right and outsides left hand turn
D1-4Set around partner (partner mad robin), men moving right and inside as women move left and outside to begin
5-8Top couples arch and pass through down the hall with the bottom couples diving as they move up

If you find what you believe to be a mistake in this animation, please leave a comment on youtube explaining what you believe to be wrong. If I agree with you I shall do my best to fix it.

If you wish to link to this animation please see my comments on the perils of youtube. You may freely link to this page, of course, and that should have no problems, but use one of my redirects when linking to the youtube video itself:

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The dance itself is out of copyright, and is in the public domain. The interpretation is copyright © 2024 by George Williams. And is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. My visualization of this dance is copyright © 2024 by George W. Williams V and is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website is copyright © 2021,2022,2023,2024 by George W. Williams V
Creative Commons License My work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Most of the dances have more restrictive licensing, see my notes on copyright, the individual dance pages should mention when some rights are waived.