Jenny Come Tie My Cravat ~ Hume (Quadruple)

Jenny Come Tie My Cravat ~ Hume (3 in 5) Jenny Come Tie My Cravat ~ Hume (Quadruple) Jenny Come Tie My Cravat ~ Hume (Triple) Jenny Come Tie My Cravat ~ Hume Jenny Come Tie My Cravat ~ Sharp

Jenny Come Tie My Cravat ~ Hume (Quadruple) is an English Country Dance. It was published by John Playford (website) in 1687 in The Dancing Master, First Appendix to the 7th Edition, London. It was interpreted by Colin Hume (website) in 1995 and published in Playford with a Difference. It is a Quadruple Minor dance. It is a double progression dance. The minor set lasts 32 bars. Someone thought this dance was Intermediate.

Playford writes:
The 1. man turn the 2. wo. and the 1. wo. turn the 2. man, then cross over below the 2. cu. then below the 3. cu. and lead through both cu. and cast off.
Then we. fall back, and the men follow them, and turn S. then men fall back, and the we. follow them and turn S.
Clap hands, side, then all four turn S. then clap hands with your own Partner, and so cast off.

Playford breaks this dance into three parts, the first part is progressive and takes 16 bars, the next is not progressive and takes 8 bars, and the last is progressive and takes 8 bars. The music has two repeated strains of 8 bars each. The music suggests that the dance is a single unit, not three separate parts.

Cecil Sharp suggests that it should actually be treated as a two part dance, each part being 16 bars long (he combines the last two parts into one). Each part using both strains once. Which seems to say that Playford made mistakes in both his music notation and his figure description. Sharp then throws out Playford's tune entirely and substitutes another Playford tune: The Garter in 4/4 time rather than the triple time for the original.

Colin Hume notes that this appears to be a triple minor with double progression if you look at it as a single unit. Playford doesn't do multiple progression. So Colin gives up on the Longways for as many as will" at the top of Playford's page and makes it be a three couple longways dance.

Personally I think if you are going to treat the dance as a single unit, and as a triple minor, then easiest way to make it single progression is to say that Playford made an error on the last line. Remove the and so cast off and replace it with then all four turn S (so the second half of the line repeats the first).

On the other hand if you want to play with double progression in a minor set dance then there are several ways of looking at it:

The tune was published by Playford with the dance. The music was synthesized by Colin Hume's software

The animation plays at 120 counts per minute normally, but the first time through the set the dance will often be slowed down so people can learn the moves more readily (no music plays during this slow set). Men are drawn as rectangles, women as ellipses. Each couple is drawn in its own color, however the border of each dancer indicates what role they currently play so the border color may change each time through the minor set.

The dance contains the following figures: hand turn (allemande), turn single, cast, lead, lead and cast (and probably others).

If you find what you believe to be a mistake in this animation, please leave a comment on youtube explaining what you believe to be wrong. If I agree with you I shall do my best to fix it.

If you wish to link to this animation please see my comments on the perils of youtube. You may freely link to this page, of course, and that should have no problems, but use one of my redirects when linking to the youtube video itself:

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The dance itself is out of copyright, and is in the public domain. The interpretation is copyright © 1995 by Colin Hume. My visualization of this dance is copyright © 2022 by George W. Williams V and is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website is copyright © 2021,2022,2023,2024 by George W. Williams V
Creative Commons License My work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Most of the dances have more restrictive licensing, see my notes on copyright, the individual dance pages should mention when some rights are waived.