Under and Over

Under and Over is an English Country Dance. It was published by John Playford (website) in 1652 in The Dancing Master, 2nd ed.. It was interpreted by Scott Pfitzinger (website) in 2019. It is a proper Duple Minor dance. It is a USA dance. The minor set lasts 112 bars.

Lead up all a D. forward and back, set and turn S That again First cu. meet and back, turn once and an half by both hands; Set each to the 2. and go back, turn by both hands Do this to the last, the rest following.

Sides all, set and turn S That again The 1. and 2. on each side hands and go back, meet & cross over, take hands behind you, go half round into each others plaecs Do thus to the last

Arms all, set and turn S That again First cu. meet, fall back, and fall to the 2. place, cross over between the 2. cu. Do thus to the last, the rest following.

This is a dance with three parts, punctuated by up-a-double/siding/arming figures. Each part is a short duple minor longways dance. In Playford's day each of these would probably be run until everyone was back to places. I only run them twice each.

The animation plays at 120 counts per minute normally, but the first time through the set the dance is slowed down so people can learn the moves more readily. Men are drawn as rectangles, women as ellipses. Each couple is drawn in its own color, however the border of each dancer indicates what role they currently play so the border color may change each time through the minor set.

The transcriptions and interpretations of Playford dances found on http://playforddances.com/ from the various editions of The Dancing Master are licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike: CC BY-NC-SA license.
An online description of the dance may be found here.

Up a double
 
A11-4Up a Double, and back
5-8Partner set and turn single
A21-4That again: Up a Double, and back
5-8Set and turn single
Part 1 repeats 2 times
 
B11-41s in a double and back
5-81s two hand turn once and a half
B21-41s set to the 2s and return to place
5-8Neighbor two hand turn once and a half
Siding
 
A11-4Right Siding
5-8Partner set and turn single
A21-4Left Siding
5-8Partner set and turn single
Part 2 repeats 2 times
 
B1-4Taking hands, fall back with neighbor, cross over to stand back to back
5-8Taking hands in a circle, facing out, circle clockwise halfway and go to progressed places
Arming
 
A11-4Right Arming
5-8Partner set and turn single
A21-4Left Arming
5-8Partner set and turn single
Part 3 repeats 2 times
 
B1-41s in a double and fall back
5-61s cross inside and move down as the 2s move up outside
7-81s partner change

If you find what you believe to be a mistake in this animation, please leave a comment on youtube explaining what you believe to be wrong. If I agree with you I shall do my best to fix it.

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The dance itself is out of copyright, and is in the public domain. The interpretation is copyright © 2019 by Scott Pfitzinger. And is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike: CC BY-NC-SA license. My visualization of this dance is copyright © 2021 by George W. Williams V and is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike: CC BY-NC-SA license.

This website is copyright © 2021,2022 by George W. Williams V
Creative Commons License My work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Most of the dances have more restrictive licensing, see my notes on copyright, the individual dance pages should mention when some rights are waived.